Remedial Teaching with a Difference

What is INPP?


INPP (The Institute for Neuro-Physiological Psychology) was established in 1975 by Dr. Peter Blythe. Peter Blythe and Sally Goddard Blythe are experts in the area of NDD (Neuro-Developmental Delay) and who have written numerous books on the subject. INPP has pioneered research into NDD. The INPP programme has been developed to offer a completely drug-free and non-invasive treatment which can help children overcome specific learning difficulties. Smart Learning Solutions is the New Zealand Licentiate of INPP and provides the INPP Programme.

What is Neuro Developmental Immaturity?

Each one of us is born with a set of primitive reflexes (sometimes known as survival reflexes). If these primitive reflexes are not fully integrated during infancy, control of voluntary, skilled and complex movements can be affected. This is known as Neuro Developmental Delay (NDD) or immaturity of the Central Nervous System.

These uninhibited reflexes can interfere with subsequent motor development, visual functioning, hand-eye coordination and perceptual skills. If the physical nature of these difficulties is not identified, it can lead to frustration, hyperactivity, stress, hypersensitivity, and emotional problems later on. It can also interfere with concentration and short term memory.

Possible Causes of Neuro Developmental Delay (NDD)


Threatened Miscarriage
Influenza or infection at specific stages
Alcohol consumption or illicit drugs
Poorly controlled diabetes
Placental insufficiency
Reduced amniotic fluid
Poor nutrition


Prolonged or precipitate labour
Fetal Distress
Breach presentation
Caesarean Section
High Forceps delivery
Ventouse extraction

Newborn Disorders

Low birth weight
Inborn errors of metabolism
Low Apgar score

Early Childhood

Illnesses in Early Childhood
Febrile convulsion
Restricted movement in the first months
History of recurrent ear, nose and throat infections

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